Access to information important for clients and clinicians. The organizations listed on this website are well-established and professionally scrutinized to uphold the highest standards. EMDR is an Effective Form of Therapy for Trauma EMDR is a therapy that is listed in the new Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense Practice Guidelines "A" category as "highly recommended" for the treatment of trauma http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/PTSD/PTSD_cpg/frameset.htm
It has received the highest level of recommendation by the mental health departments of Israel, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, France, Sweden and so forth. For a full listing visit http://www.EMDRHAP.org/researchandresources.htm
EMDR is also listed as an effective form of therapy, backed by research, on a new National Institute of Mental Health sponsored website: Check under "Adult MH Therapist for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder" http://www.therapyadvisor.com/
Cautions for Clients and Clinicians
Choosing a Clinician
A Brief Description of EMDR Therapy
Training for Clinicians
Referrals for Clients
For clients and clinicians: Websites and authors that question the effectiveness of EMDR, or say there is little research, are long out of date. To view the list of research: http://www.EMDRHAP.org/researchandresources.htm
Other authoritative websites with research reviews are listed on the home page.
For clinicians: A great deal of misinformation has appeared in the professional literature. This published article compares inaccurate statements in the professional literature and compares it to the actual research data. http://www.perkinscenter.net
For clients and clinicians: Be cautious of other therapies that claim to "be like" EMDR or "use parts" of EMDR. EMDR is an 8-Step approach that contains procedures that have been thoroughly examined by research. A brief description of EMDR therapy [below] and visit the following website. http://www.emdria.org/general/index.htm
For clients and clinicians: According to American Psychological Association ethical guidelines, all prescribed therapies should be done according to the standardized procedures that have been examined by research. If clinicians claim to be using EMDR, they must be using the procedures described in Dr. Shapiro's 1995/2001 textbook. http://www.guilford.com/cgi-bin/cartscript.cgi?page=paci/shapiro.htm
The published research should be used as a guide for clinical practice. For instance, 84-90% of single trauma victims should no longer be diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder within 5 hours of processing. Multiple trauma victims will need a longer course of therapy. write reflective essays nursing aera grants dissertation integumentary system essay bar council essay competition belonging in society essay comparing a book to a movie essay writing the doctoral dissertation gordon davis grammar and writing essay writing topic list wordsmith a guide to paragraphs and short essays pdf essay elderly people thesis on led crime essay psychology stand witness order of research paper process thesis nutrition examples informal essay a good thesis statement for human cloning essay on importance of water resources spoil system andrew jackson essay cultural competence in nursing essay college of europe research papers in law thesis of abortion essay apa style research proposal sample essay med school write an essay on group-differentiated citizenship from tejano to tango essays on latin american popular music research paper drawing solve word problems the crucible scapegoat essay extended definition essay on marriage free research paper - games and children my favorite word uva essay how to write a introduction the sea change hemingway essay self reflection essay on group work are we doing enough to save the planet essay wp thesis theme download 8th edition essay prose reader reading thinking writing concluding paragraph in research paper english essay about pit bulls sample apa empirical research paper holocaust rememberence essay ged essay questions room for debate are research papers passed geometry help essays in medieval chinese literature and cultural history long does take write 1200 word essay essays on ancient civilization argument definition essay joseph owens dissertation online primary writing paper thesis statement literary essay prospectus for research paper hands on essays bonita lillie community extension masteral thesis pearl harbor movie summary essay thesis kuleuven sociale wetenschappen opposing viewpoints on global warming essay pitt dissertation writing room cyber terrorism research paper topics makes a hero essay architectural thesis on heritage conservation essay on importance of english language in pakistan lab report chemistry locke an essay concerning toleration birdsong essay gay rights in military essay essay describing my home recent biographies free essay on water pollution in india essay on the priciple of population historical essay rubric term paper prospectus world religion extended essay duke fuqua 2011 essay questions educational paper research topic diction essays poverty free essays elizabeth dewberry's phd dissertation question at the end of an essay urban segregation essays schreyer honors college thesis archive gender roles have changed essay courtesy research paper masculinity research paper oaks sessay alders essayacademia reviews an essay about living without criminal laws thesis topics for social studies examples of poorly written research papers medical term paper research ariel pink essay thesis advisor horror stories interpreter of maladies communication essays essay on world environment day 2012 theme pashaura singh thesis discourse community essay family personal evaluation essay example short essay on diwali for kids free hunting essays what is a phd thesis who invented research papers thesis sentence about hamlet research paper on methaine emory supplement essay 2011 quantitative research proposal sample ghostwriting contract america during world war two essay dissertations academic essay film location ontario store mla format research papers cover page examples of good thesis papers essay using medical terminology biological topics for research papers computer science thesis example good illustrative essays lektorat dissertation anova fastener thesis essay the open window by saki essay of management creative thinking problem solving slavery essays conclusions culture context on a essay breaking bad essays typhoid fever research papers understanding mary midgley sword essay solve a math problem thesis for rhetorical analysis essays sample thesis table of contents page essay by mike royko best way to develop a thesis statement cover letter template for research papers how to write an essay template formal acknowledgement thesis scientific research paper outline sample dido aeneid essay experience essay examples definition type essay essay applications chemistry daily life thesis on restorative justice essay about fads fun group projects information dissemination in vanet thesis how to write an essay purdue morally ambiguous character essays citing a website in an essay biology practical report hotel marketing research thesis credit risk banks research papers thomas paine essays abstract writing service dallas tx free satire essay pride and prejudice sense and sensibility essay the crucible characters essay nice conclusion in essay essay on binary oppositions introducing elizabeth bishop essay descriptive essay on an unforgettable moment courseworks columbia ed people of chilmark essay 2 essay heidegger others papers philosophical rorty volume do i italicize movie titles in an essay bachelor thesis structure sample free drivers ed essay essay writing for english test free download child development topics research papers free sample analysis essay effects of drugs on society essay culture essay pop power of horror an essay on abjection essay by mark twain essay harmful of television need somebody write my paper 4th grade essay rubric core value essays sample research papers for college five part essay 1952 1992 essay state united english literature gcse poetry essay short obama speech case study strategy gcse business coursework example aqa as spanish essay titles aubiographical essay merchant of venice essay ideas mark bauerlein dumbest generation essay essays on catcher in the rye being only child family essay sociology culture shock essay bone marrow transplant research paper activist african american essay woman writing an essay for me information management stolen system thesis vehicle purpose of religion essay culture essay from haymarket left new politics radical series writing well written english essays restaurant description essay essays that will get you into college barron's intermediate past papers gujranwala board analytical thesis example sample foreign service essay cell biology essays essential methods transition words in a essay phd thesis for dummies canadian lives that make a difference essay contest possible essay questions for a streetcar named desire essays on the masque of what is a non-thesis degree program suicide research papers research paper compulsive gambling compare movie to book essay responses to modernity essays in the politics of culture essay description example articles of confederation strengths and weaknesses essay family conflict essay papers research sample student russian history essay topics putting the one minute manager to work essay good titles for essays about revenge do attitudes predict behaviour essay essay writing on crime thesis grammar translation method pueblo architecture of the southwest a photographic essay essays on the causes of world war two interpretive analytical evaluation essay huckleberry finn term paper media term papers who am i paper essay dave surman thesis best american essays list essay about mural interesting titles for research papers best american essays sixth college edition robert atwan samurai and knights similarities essay failures in life essay examples of thesis staements layout phd thesis 65 essays harvard business school second continental congress essay university application sample essays essay titles examples ethics persuasive essay topics for writing an opinion essay essay achievement gap korea essay contest x ray thesis example of a good business plan how to publish dissertation in journal witi ihimaera essay phd thesis on physical education toefl writing sample essay essays on cleopatra for free lord randal essay me how to write an essay spending days with grand parents essay introduction tourism essay friends influence you essay thesis slavery dnph carbonyl essay aqa german gcse coursework mark scheme thesis binding leeds uni introduction for an essay about friendship darwin evolution god believe essay biologos conclusion paragraph contrast essay physics coursework guide cornell mba application essays doublespeak william lutz essay statistical thesis faith development essay competition essay on rural development in hindi types of essays for high school students thesis proposal outline computer science apa format writing an essay how to write thesis statements essay on corn thesis evans surf george washington essay thesis and book hamlets weaknesses and strengths essay definition essay outline cornell club essay contest example of mla style research paper affair essay foreign why college essay undergraduate persuasive essays about cell phones free online english essay michelle obama college dissertation thesis in spanish essay writing template kids watching too much tv essay poor family background essay essay topic samples university of pittsburgh dissertation best american essays college edition atwan reflective journal essay sample nucor case analysis essays pollution problem and solution essay biographical essay writing definition of personal essay how long is a short essay political cartoon essays argumentative term paper topics essay on globalization the essay about the empowerment of women chromium dissertation walter benn michaels the trouble with diversity essay jftc essay competition qualcomm investment thesis writing research paper apa format german essay phrases gcse essay on role of banking in indian economy nathaniel hawthorne thesis introduction paragraph of compare and contrast essay free essay on anti abortion marriage and family essay topics essays on the piano lesson essay about meena alexander's fractured identity lab reports for biology booker t washington race problems essay parenting thesis john locke the essay guidelines for synopsis and dissertation writing for psp essay on macbeth's lust for power podcasting essay essay on pride and prejudice about marriage wendell berry essays amazon pharmcas essays gre awa essays pdf nhs application essay help essays of ''the scarlet letter symbolism what does your dream house look like essay masters coursework research research paper for elementary students an essay on abstinence from animal food great research paper topic ideas how to keep from being depressed sample thesis for nursing research film review essay compare and contrast research paper example darwinism and divinity essays on evolution and religious belief ethics purchasing termpapers essay addiction facebook essays on red badge of courage high school research paper topic list boston chemical combination essay in mixture philosophy related science study a 250 word essay public school versus private school essay essay rhetorical a level coursework pe phd dissertation in religion types of essays with examples essay on increase in population of india sample thesis dissertation proposal second person essay writing essays space exploration 2 essay masters review empathetic listening essay good geography extended essays plastics essay contest essay socrates philosophy health dissertation natalie dessay jewish irish immigration research papers compare contrast essay cinderella stories benchmarking and research papers nibley timely timeless essays ansvar og skyld essay essays example college essay peer editing sheet free pe coursework critical mission essays on democracy promotion essay search respect gcse mathematics statistics coursework sample 7 page research paper my goals after high school essay essays on health inequalities thesis topics related to economics english literature essay techniques nyu music therapy thesis block method of essay writing sociology dissertation proposal example definition of academic research paper make controversial thesis trade union essay format common app essay when writing an essay are poem titles underlined free example research paper format outline of history essay essay on world war 1 conclusion college essay setup free electronics research papers canada health care thesis essays on cross cultural communication essay directory thesis acknowledgement letter sample fcat essay questions essay on logical thinking the best essay x ray diffraction research paper notecards research paper shooting stars poem critical essay topics 12th grade research papers essays on bravery and courage pay for dissertation uk parental involvement in education dissertation dissertation appendix references critical essays on rap music and hip hop culture how to write a music history essay sports psychology topics for research paper how to write an a level art essay term paper ideas on economics an essay on man poem summary business research thesis exploratory essay georgia institute of technology admissions essay marketing sample essay ms thesis defense slides doctoral thesis outsourcing tips on writing an analytical research paper essay bahasa inggeris spm 2009 simple research paper persuasive essay introduction thesis essay on shortfall of electricity in pakistan uc personal statement examples prompt 2 four part thesis summary 1992 ap bio essay answers sample directions for essay test argumentative essay on should abortions be legal msc thesis presentation gmo research essay college term paper style paging dr gamsat essays chicago dissertation phd thesis organisational behaviour how to make a conclusion in a research paper cornell university dissertations research essay writing original essays capital punishment free essay gabriel okara once upon a time essay english literature essay competitions thesis biosorption heavy metals literature review essay structure group displays of aggression essay compare and contrast essay on fairy tales this i believe essay about music passions in life essay essay using tree graph social studies research papers the theoretical practices of physics philosophical essays double space my essay mac occj essay employee empowerment dissertation how to write a critique of research paper essay on historical places of india in hindi essay on quality of education in india argumentative essay death penalty conclusion full text essays a pocketful of essays volume 2 introduction paragraphs for research papers ted williams essay john updike sir roger at home essay summary advantages of book reading essay guide to writing a mla research paper teaching 5 paragraph essay outline critical analysis essay on their eyes were watching god essay names for to kill a mockingbird women's liberation movement essay solving math problems free security sector reform thesis i know why the caged bird sings essay essays paragraphs english free child abuse essays thesis about rip van winkle board of intermediate question papers 2012 aristotelian essay how does music affect your life essay steeler essay contest apa style research paper example psychology alcohol abuse essay conclusion pale blue dot essay discussion of themes the bell jar essay buy business plans interview essay the hand draft research proposal example form form papers report research style style thesis thesis economics latex forensic psychology term paper topics free college essays research papers descriptive essay with a thesis statement gcse statistics coursework mayfield luther thesis ralph waldo emerson self reliance and other essays pdf empirical essays in health and education economics stanley kubrick essay essay biography of steven spielberg ohio state admissions essay disney essays cultural diversity mba essay endnote thesis style essay on lord of the flies symbolism literary essay writing sticks and stones and other student essays thompson how to type an essay analysis of group work essay proper essay heading romeo and juliet student essays english essays for o levels fahrenheit 451 technology essay would good introduction research paper essay questions on madame bovary example essay using transition words ocr english literature coursework grade boundaries citations essay apa essays against legalizing marijuana film trailer essay compare and contrast capitalism and communism essay definition speeches celebrity definition essay quarterly essay subscribe population genetic thesis worst college application essays ever software to type a research paper essay on hills like white elephants on them dissertations on barriers to inclusive educations compare and contrast essay good topic xat essay writing+samples sentence frames essay essay on double standard te ching essay essays on ralph from lord of the flies thesis plural dictionary thesis statement guided notes essay changing face rural india thesis calendar thesis topic in corporate finance sample entry essays for college essay about social issue in malaysia essays on a tale of two cities thesis proposal for software engineering thesis customer satisfaction hotel industry best grad school application essay radiation therapy career essay macbeth coursework guide human rights essays phd thesis in electrical engg essay on if i were a superhero example of literature review essay concluding sentence research essay video games research paper topics ow to find the hypotisis in evidence base research paper example outlines persuasive essays anthropomorphism thesis essay on workplace violence term papers differentiated instruction capital punishment does not deter crime essay how to write an intro paragraph for a research paper essay college admission sample essays on the philosophy of humanism phd dissertation problem statement an essay of a life without criminal laws northwestern essay word limit essay on the vendor of sweet rk narayan alexandra durner dissertation voice democracy essay examples free wuthering heights essays spotted owl essay james mccabe was hitler a good leader essay analytical essay gmat score the education of little tree essay about my life story essay sisyphus essay camus catcher in the rye phoniness essay free gcse science coursework classical collected essay renaissance study tradition what is your ambition in life essay academic papers term prometheus bound essay sample thesis survival kit gift arco essay book download tesco dissertation apa formatting research paper sample how to write a essay on student loan industry essays on nursing ethics phoenix dissertation editing genetically modified food essays essay for illegal immigration good term paper topic ideas dpg dissertationspreis 2012 300 words essay sample 19 baptismal thesis essay on coaching classes and tuitions are necessary evil apa format for research paper sample dissertation assistance south africa example descriptive essay about my mother how to write an essay for a college application brother college essay essays on the no child left behind act why was slavery good essay culinary research paper essay advice freshman effects of computer on children essay types of analysis in essays downfall essay extracurricular activities research paper thesis statement argumentative paper paper on how to write a research paper ancient greek art essay david foster wallace list essays essays on not tv for one week work writing persuasive essay worksheets 4th grade term paper on research methodology religion essay titles how to write good essays for gcse goodbye to all that joan didion essay custom written papers writing service difficulty in learning english essay my thesis research essay audience ancient greece slavery essay examples application letter essay on why the illiad is an epic mspp application essay essays on the assumption of mary the great gatsby short summary essay is 8 a good sat essay score when mentioning a book in an essay do you vigilance anti corruption essay river essay mystery genre essays essay on dirty cars brian's essay the academic essay a brief anatomy reflection paper sample essays make my thesis computer coursework for igcse what is considered a short essay our motherland india essay of mice and men essay topic pick a thesis topic constitution sample essay where can i find essays online a2 edexcel pe coursework writers wanted online old ap psych essays a worn path analysis essay essay on italy culture declaration essay independence wjec geography coursework brotherhood fraternity essay concise thesis abstract of a dissertation unified india essay thesis tutorials wordpress design apa research paper papers that gobeyond numbers qualitative research a dolls house essays paper baker argumentative essay on free healthcare essays of the birmingham speculative club movies essay thesis binding nottingham essay on why do i want to be a doctor online college essay grader introduction of thesis proposal college essay contests how to write an essay about the declaration of independence pre-dissertation fellowships in education should my common app essay have a title essay about health is wealth jfk last speech text politics in education essay ict projects for students essays on sexism towards women is justice blind essay good thesis statements for the odyssey ma dissertation abstract example essay about the philippines economy proofread my essay harvard thesis on english learning strategies using spss essay gathering music sphere vocabulary thesis sample of academic writing essay canfor pulp and paper research and development disappearing cross experiment coursework my self essay sample for kids copy of a masters thesis radu rusu dissertation non paper physical physical sports term korea times essay contest essays about someone who has impacted your life procrastination essay title the writing of a historical essay or research paper essay papers sample sports nutrition dissertation ideas funny dr dre essay john stuart mill on liberty and other essays sparknotes coursework section amcas how to punctuate articles in essays essay ethics gay marriage my parrot pet essay canada iraq war essay anecdotes essay personal essay social work how to write a ethics thesis statement popular comparison essay topics thesis list musical theatre essay questions about the american revolution drugs in alice in wonderland essay ethanol fuel research paper msc thesis in communication engineering aqa a2 biology essay titles scholarship essay contests college students essay comparing two sculptures technical essay writing examples holocaust survivors essay paper american revolution radical essay portrait of an artist as a young man essays shoeless joe essay questions francis bacon essayist song of solomon love essays medical school secondary essays is homework one word scholarships without essays for high school seniors 2013 essay engineering write an ap english analysis essay climate essay sample write theses compare contrast essay taming the anger monster essay short essay rubric history my earliest childhood memory essay essay writing for school students job application covering letter samples graphic organizers for 5 paragraph essay writing ethics of reality tv essay 3 by 5 essay research based expository essay ap english language composition essay grading scale restorative justice thesis austrailia social corruption hamlet essay awa essays ap lang and comp essay tips stages in the process of writing a good essay university of michigan writing placement essay human thesis assisted suicide should not be legal essay ap lit and comp essay tips an essay on my life essay on interpersonal communication skills analysis of essay on criticism by alexander pope essay writers required sample conclusions to research papers m phil thesis topic this i believe essay guidelines descriptive essay about my university fairleigh dickinson application essay mass media and politics essay essay financial literacy skill what is the meaning of compare and contrast essay critical essays on sula by toni morrison examples of chicago style research paper creative autobiography essays sample essay with long quotes public administration thesis statements night thesis machinist research paper extended definition essay of fear essay on jeffery damher where to put my name on an essay cesare beccaria essay crimes punishments free essays on ethics thesis engineering mechanical iessay 2003 phpbb group constructing argumentative essay colors essay secondary three sample title page for essay sample of a good persuasive essay house md essay jorge vera teaching dissertation persuasive speech essay outline the purple economy secular essays on culture and religion internet banking in pakistan thesis thesis on mulk raj anand sample of good writing essay teen violence essay for free signing up for something essay on puerto penasco best essays of 2007 essay on tourism industry in mauritius writing winning essays prioress tale essay questions sat act essay populat term papers essay about sustainable architecture essay from reflective sample teacher lesson plans teaching compare contrast essays model papers for intermediate what is the connector statement in an essay battle of hastings thesis statement essay on google's exit from china - justify racial segregation research paper bluffing short story essay essay evaluate definition essay on negative effects of computer viruses case study from freud 3 essays summary argumentative topics for term papers how to write analysis in research paper template for apa essay essay on character supports life examples proposals dissertations education essay on responisible tourism being an american essay contest amount $1000 oprah night essay contest essays good health white paper term pay someone to do my thesis pennsylvania working papers for minors essay human nature essay quiz competition capital punishment constitutional essay essays on new governance jean troillet essay recordings thesis on holocaust survivors free essay on john nash essay on introversion and extraversion global citizens essay contest psychology topics to write a research paper on free essays on courage trial scene merchant of venice essay special education topics for thesis essay important ethnic identity essay on rising prices inflation in pakistan as french phrases for essays essay on the true confessions of charlotte doyle how to teach essay writing to esl students forest importance essay don quixote essays papers college tuition research paper international youth essay competition 2012 uvic thesis format help njhs essay what is a counter argument example in an essay china economy thesis essaye moi bande high protein diet essay essay writing signal words ap human geography released essays rotman essay deadline an essay on modern technology powerpoint design templates essay on summer vacation in urdu treasure island essay titles essays moral political and literary pdf introduire un sujet de dissertation write an essay get incollege hippa research paper essays on the french revolution the countryside write a abstract thesis essay on a trip to delhi thesis on medical image segmentation college application essay examples free conflict theory religion essay making biodata resume writing business plan essay on the saints and the roughnecks good ged essay term paper business environment french revolution essay student essays summary essays on how to solve energy crisis how to write thesis references said business school essays expository essay introduction paragraphs harriet tubman thesis statement critical essays walt whitman free comparison contrast essay samples sat essay scores 6 teacher essay contest example rough draft of a research paper definitive essays topics coursework info com phd thesis template texmaker essay on influence of cinema on school children questionnaire cover letter thesis social science research papers online sample criteria for judging essay writing contest public smoking essay health projects for students funny essays written by students research proposal help services animal farm essay titles itgs essay cowboy research paper lou reed essay a division/classification essay anti plastic surgery essay definition of courage essay essays on learning organizations how to cheat on an essay test what is a good architectural thesis project mccombs mba essays euthanasia should be allowed essay tikim essays on philippine food and culture 1994 thesis edit footer text patient practitioner communication essay discrimination essay topics nursing career research paper being on a team essay thesis statement for paranoid schizophrenia free essay on funny tardy excuse essay writing practice questions research essay writing help phd thesis consulting dar high school essay contest college board ap lang essay rubric sample student 5 paragraph essay cell phone ban school essay gcse of mice and men essay what is editing and proofreading senior essay seminar ucsd china blue essays stem cell research essay video game theory thesis marriage for love essay the best american essays 2004 thesis questionnaire about motivation employee and staff development free essays objective report writing defense of thesis thesis author image thesis on sales promotion humans playing god frankenstein thesis is 7 a good sat essay score essay fear public speaking make introduction thesis writing essay manners make man perfect essay on race against time introduction for a compare and contrast essay example how to write a compare and contrast essay about characters big essay british welfare state essay the secrets to a long life essay how to use an appendix in an essay spanish civil war essay titles reflective essay learning outcomes essays on richard ii essay importance of education in hindi warren buffett case study essays frankenstein persuasive essay prompts prison life essay spyware research paper gmat essays template tom clancy essay social psychology research paper essay on american art mcgill ece thesis template essays on learning theories in education brecht theatre essays bu trustees scholarship essay child poverty in canada essays most common essay mistakes renaissance and scientific revolution essay superb thesis statement biology research proposal ideas chapter organization thesis short essay in hindi on independence day theory of criminology essay i termpaper sustainable living essay format of dissertation synopsis our national symbols essay can i find someone to write a book report for me? essay on my favorite place essay on woodrow wilson 14 points stanford mba essay tips andy rooney an essay on war essay of brutus nos 11 andreas kusterer dissertation how to write an empathy essay early childhood education dissertation topics research papers of evalution and assesment school websites answering a question essay format essays about tenskwatawa citing thesis vancouver style analysis of language essay structure research papers genocide research papers cause and effect essay accounting topics for dissertation plagiarized essay example dissertations about language acquisition m a thesis science fair research paper abstract essays on rhetorical analysis sample descriptive essay about food reflective essay teaching experience outline salem witch trials essay essay on shopkeepers plato the republic essay questions exemple dissertation 1ere es yeats sample essays overview essay writing research paper smoking average length of doctoral dissertation proposal written short essay on importance of computer in hindi my hero essay father conclusion to essay example army rotc application essay dissertation titles in education write good introduction paragraph research paper elementary essay form life religious gmat waiver essay sample essay on questioning authority essay on novel reading sample compare contrast essay elementary school essay about funny situation notre dame mba essays 2012 introduction to ma thesis examples common persuasive topics essay sample five paragraph essay persuasive the souls of black folk free essays college argumentative essay topics essays on race class and gender thesis on developmental studies essay future career plans dissertation science et litterature ethics term paper ideas essay on mcdonald's globalization rubric for writing a cause and effect essay how to write a thesis synopsis good german phrases for essays essay consumer societies world population day essay economics essays structure the old man and the sea essay help proposal of research paper example structure research paper paragraph rubric for persuasive essay elementary crystal research paper teenage is the best age essay free essay ebooks deforestation essay spm what your clothes say about you essay essays videotape don delillo dorian gray essay ideas 4 types of essays compare and contrast shark and dolphins essay technology taking over jobs essay compare/contrast essay examples queen elizabeth i thesis statement thesis data base public administration dissertation fellowships parris crucible essay how to use a quote in an essay introduction help with english writing world house essay martin luther king tom wolfe essays my new friend essay definition conclusion essay remembrance essay what is family law essay gender roles in modern society essay essays on united nations organisation descriptive essay on canteen sample business college essays greek mythology essay questions how to write a psychology essay for university essay yourself title best fonts use essay how to write a 5 paragraph essay compare and contrast persuasive essay on abortion pro choice opinion essay writing war in iraq thesis statement computer viruses essays essay swimming competition free essays on the canadian conservative party argumentative essay standardized testing sample essay on character traits essay for kids in hindi how to write a college application essay conclusion free essay on environmental ethics odyssey of life reflective essay draft research paper sample essay economy us descriptive essay my dog persuasive thesis example essay on usefulness of internet scott anderson triage essay thesis antithesis meaning lc oscillator thesis good argumentative topics for essays intrinsic case study tamu thesis upload essay outline process vet essay samples graduate school essays samurai and knights essay effects of living in a foreign country essay special education class observation essay practice ap literature essays senior thesis provokes personal statement prompts 2013 riku essays essays on why i joined rotc essay about how i spent my weekend example essays about experiences essay entries examples of scientific research papers sample disclaimer for research paper format for essay writing in ielts phd thesis in engineering management counting the words in an essay intermediate 2 english discursive essay topics interrogation essay organizational behaviour essay questions peace on earth essay pro life vs pro choice thesis extended essay ib wiki obesity statement thesis dissertation sur l argumentation direct et indirect free essays on internship experience being an american essay examples research proposal automated election system thesis samples of persuasive essays for 5th graders physical child abuse research paper how to write an essay for colleges essay on accomplishment science in my life essay elizabeth barrett browning an essay on mind and other poems rough essay draft child observation essays book conflict short essay on science exhibition best undergraduate creative writing programs the odyssey and essay how to write essays better edexcel as level coursework sample outline for stem cell research paper persuasive gun control essay thesis topics for marriage and family therapy format for writing term paper good and bad communication essay cyberessays com holocaust remembrance project essay contest 2012 apa format research paper table of contents essay eating disorder essay on macbeth's downfall with essay writing for colleges sample essays for pharmacy schools second language essay examples of illustrative essays essays topics for students microscope lab report aqa intermediate past papers good way to restate a thesis paul toohey quarterly essay can i change my common application essay lao-tzu thoughts from the tao-te ching essays master thesis in information technology common application diversity essay samples essay about the military draft ny bar exam essay book got milk ad essay hunger essay thesis statement against beauty pageants random act of kindness essay 500 words sample of essay writing free admission college essay prompt essay on respecting teachers ocr 21st century science coursework essay introduction sentences favorite cartoon character essay essays in commutative harmonic analysis thesis platelets how long is a psychology phd dissertation book anthem essays amcas coursework exempt examples descriptive essay bedroom against arizona immigration law essays divorce effect on children essay lost names essay papers birthday personal essay sample dupont challenge essay winner powerpoint presentation alternatives critical lens essay questions write good narrative essay thesis writing guide 2012 essay on my favourite teacher for class 3 1000 word essay on feudalism sociology essay format ap biology sample essays introduction for apa research paper thesis paper about homework help online free essay admission grad school essays application university fast custom essay what would be a good persuasive essay topic undergraduate dissertation sample pdf sir gawain chivalry essays sample format of research paper english only america essays writing service madison wi personalized research paper phd thesis on innovation management critical thinking essay template controversial essay topics death penalty develop a business what freedom means to me essay contest dogs of war photo essay high school essay planner graduate school admission sample essay custom essay plagiarized friendship mice and men essays real option essay questions healthcare reform essay free high blood pressure essays free career path essays sylvia plath essay ideas childhood memory essay samples of example essays essay on smoking a silent killer in information management master pdf system thesis health and wellness research paper persuasive essay on healthy lifestyles guides to writing a term paper thesis charles beard concerning constitution good topic do photo essay how to write an explication essay of a poem thesis language british decolonization essay construct a topic outline for the expository essay 3 part essay proper structure 5 paragraph essay free descriptive essay about a beach selected essays of delmore schwartz arthur miller death of a salesman essays why we need medical researchpaper writing liverpool essays and interviews being inspired essay samples of college essays about yourself wuthering heights isolation essay the god of small things themes essay college dissertation archives essay writing contests depression research paper example college entrance essays funny thesis on project management in construction grading short essay about handphone research essay outlines what is david-moore thesis halloween scary essays tehran photo essay god of small things essay topics term paper against death penalty essay on save earth for children essay on liberation theology college essay introducing yourself data analysis project ideas thesis copenhagen business school garbage problems essay english 1a essay good essay topics for great gatsby essay sample american dream set up apa research paper introduction for an essay on the french revolution essays and other prose styles extended essay deadlines 2012 dissertation copyright images central thesis of federalist 51 nursing essays for scholarships definition essay innocence persuasive essay topics for taming of the shrew argue essay a short essay on summer holidays texas common application essay topics 2009 free albert einstein essays if only i would have listened essay writing service in delhi research paper topics for early american history network security+thesis paper different techniques for essay writing making paper term research paper techniques essay movie long walk home essay international mother language day bangladesh police application essay examples pink think essay junk food in schools essay conclusion paragraph format for a research paper examples of college essay papers orwell essays analysis essay preparation for final exam who is the protagonist in romeo and juliet essay march of dimes essay contest 2011 who are the famous essayists persuasive research paper topics dance ac converter dc thesis design dissertation example res essay competition voltaire essay on the manner and spirit of nations religious studies coursework essay competition malaysia abigail williams essay crucible sample of an mla essay paper essay advantages disadvantages computer eid ul adha essay according school level free nursing process essay ap english rhetorical analysis essay format on writing an essay problem solution essay about drug abuse king john and the magna carta essay organizational psychology thesis titles cold war causes essay autobiographical incident sample essay high school persuasive research paper topics king arthur research paper outline essays on unemployment in ireland free essays for english class en essayant continuellement newest thesis in philippines argumentation paper research writing term papers for profit writing great research papers by laurie rozakis the people bomb essay accounting research paper help essay on cobbler for kids illustration essay on sleep deprivation essays on discrimination against women essay questions about the six day war essay on power shortage in pakistan quality is a myth in india essay phd thesis annotation workplace diversity issues essay write for college mla in essay example essays for physical therapy school online homeschooling essay winter vacations pakistan evaluation of phd thesis proposal essay on high performance organizations family violence term papers essays about folkways thesis statement for human cloning locke essay of human understanding get readers attention persuasive essay example psychology extended essay ib character analysis essay on romeo and juliet glory road essay help gis dissertation essay mice and men dreams bill gates research paper discrimination in the workplace essays thesis statement for snow white and the seven dwarfs how to write an essay connectors fiction craft essay science coursework gcse structure download sample phd thesis sample factual essay writing poetry essay tips outline format for reflective essay dissertation on noise exposure free essays on banning smoking in public places examples of introductions for comparing and contrasting essays essay on pollutionwater pollution essay history aspirin theological thesis proposal good research/argument paper topics shakespeare essays othello the edible woman essay capo da essay life modern other painter paperback racism in othello free essay 2b educational master27s technology thesis essay importance of reading books writing research paper child abuse essay checker plagiarism+free 5 paragraph expository essay outline split thesis statement creative college admissions essay topics essay about watergate scandal essay internet impact on social life essay on political crisis in nepal ap language and composition exam sample essays creative titles essay generator essay on green technology in india interpretive essay outline template geography coursework gcse analysis causes of procrastination essay thesis on jacob flanders psychology research papers outline write an essay on your favourite sport things to do a research paper on dutch marketing thesis award 2011 the color of love essay benefit of reading books essay great application essays for business school paul bodine pdf essay about smoking in public places expository essay types financial literacy research papers essay on republic day in hindi essay photography my hobby global culture essay clinical psychology thesis examples essays search happy endings assignments for high school seniors argument essay proposal short essay on pollution in hindi architectural thesis presentation ppt executive order 9066 thesis great college essay openers writing art essays is dependence on computer a good thing essay pmsm master thesis hamlet and rosencrantz and guildenstern essay educational titles for thesis blue iris poems and essays how do you begin a scholarship essay creating an introduction for an essay hamlet play review essay define essay paragraphs and essays 11th edition answers steps to writing a sociology research paper write abstract thesis sample getting out of depression thesis statement on internet privacy graduate thesis samples of quantitative research papers essay topics for byron's manfred thesis topics on operating system developing ecotourism in malaysia essay free essays on what is a hero obesity working thesis doordarshan hindi essay critical thinking websites sample ict doctoral thesis sample scholarship essay/personal statement accounting student creative ways to write a research paper malthus essay on the principle of population help college admissions essays essay on why i want to be a registered nurse a level essay topics mla essay within collection staying positive essays essay writing school holiday 1995 ap c essay physics kant causality essay essays students marathi essay on oil conservation 1000 words thesis sales promotion mathematics coursework help the lorax essay essay class problem solution thesis statement examples essay on gas exchange malcolm gladwell essay on birth control tqm dissertation samples master in public administration thesis topics sociology breaching experiment essay proposal thesis statement examples scientific research paper hypothesis essay on christmas tree in hindi at what point was the civil war inevitable essay kterm paperwhite to find someone to write a paper for college definition of dissertation discussion chapter thesis write thesis on song of myself essay on life and art career planning essays thesis binding services northern ireland drugs in sport argumentative essays trust essay topics federal government essay dance is a sport essays sample graduate school essays counseling do thesis magic science and religion and other essays 1948 definition of a good thesis statement quantitative research papers essay peace like river write college essay introduction architecture coursework victor burgin essays free essays written on tesco essay on indian economy and global recession proofreading writing what is the thesis statement in an essay example paper proposal research steps to writing a summary essay parents and trust thesis statement essay on the short story the things they carried essay strength character do colleges check your essays for plagiarism protection of animals and plants essay haas mba essays mvno research paper persuasive essay poverty causes and effect of stress essay free essays on disney scada phd thesis who i am essay examples should children have cell phones essay rubrics grading narrative essays abilene christian university essay topics frankenstein essay topics answers edexcel history a level coursework ums expository essay about love examples personal characteristics essay freedom means to me essay narrative essay title underlined thesis statement builder for research paper embedded linux thesis long essays common application teacher respect essay in english english essay outline example train whistle guitar essay boston essay university siri research paper entomology thesis perception of life essay template essay conclusion proquest dissertations password anova statistical thesis samples guy debord situationist thesis on traffic rich people are often unhappy essay grad school term papers essay role models book review english online assignment help uk censorship essay introduction spelling error in college essay epic of gilgamesh archetypes essays essays on lord of the flies by william golding essays and reflections things compare comparison essay great gatsby essays titles turner thesis yahoo my personality type essay dehumanization slavery essays remote sensing dissertation proposal jonathan lethem essay example research paper on adhd compare contrast essay learning styles free critical essays twelfth night topics for essays for kids example of writing an argumentative essay why books should be banned essay thesis sentence for informative speech anzac legend essay essay on why kids drop outta school research paper on medical gmat awa essays download technology thesis statement statement of purpose admission essays film school samples thesis documentation for reservation system problems college students face essay free essays effective teacher brian's essay the room the blitz essays optics research paper topics pop culture music essay thesis what font term papers on plato essays on feminism in medea pro stem cell research papers dnb thesis protocol steps to writing a problem solution essay how to write apa style essay laurie halse anderson essay business week measures of effective teaching research paper citation of a research paper persuasive essay for esl students paper research science topic managing cultural diversity in the workplace essay research paper on banking industry process essay ideas aqa media studies gcse coursework grade boundaries pancreatic cancer phd thesis format cover page thesis human biology coursework respiration creative writing tasks death penalty in the philippines essay factual essay spm masque of the red death setting essay biographical thesis statement essays on cooking as a hobby monash university essay writing guide free essays on child obesity benefits higher education essays sample essay spm about my family althusser essay the negro mother essays essays management functions thesis on rainwater harvesting in india essay argument example administration educ physical supervision thesis scholarships requiring no essay online help with geometry homework steps to writing a research paper outline mba leadership essay examples research paper topics on hungary dlsu thesis paper format this i believe essays on forgiveness building a thesis from the ground up essay notebooks define prestation essays on peace like a river by leif enger example argument essays advantages of free education essay animal essay study abroad research paper how to write an effective essay outline essays students copy behavior anthropology dissertations research paper cite sources january 2002 dbq essay essay point by point format teacher of year essays personal essay for a scholarship examples computer today essay thesis is located where citation analysis of phd thesis essay free literary spiritual 3 terminator 3 wallpaper general election 2001 research paper open thesis write english composition essay biggest challenge of writing a comparison and contrast essay religious discrimination essay free drug essay free friedman liberty market prohibition szasz essay for reading comprehension thesis on childhood obesity in india science experiment research paper outline samples of apa outline for research paper shortest physics thesis sample essays for leaving cert geography in the conclusion self-reliance and other essays by ralph waldo emerson summary in writing a reflective essay bibliography a book standard grade english essays essays on immigrants in america how to write an architectural thesis statement essay cover pages example buy a custom essay online psychology extended essay questions belonging emily dickinson essay resume rewrite service essay acceptance national honor society education essay topic essay writing in australia spanish inquisition essay topics organizing your essay details spatially new paltz required freshman essay essay on jamaica 50 research paper author's vita english department master thesis in an essay are books underlined or italicized you help me do my homework essay on television as a medium of education essay about football and basketball cause and effect essay about acid rain critical analysis essays beowulf dissertation proposal writing style dh lawrence essays novel rct global essay kindred essay questions ut austin thesis template latex narrative essay climax information about famous people spm essay entertainment essays on propaganda during the holocaust anecdotal observations essay writing classes chicago essay on problems faced by teenagers online english essay writing test the aims of education and other essays whitehead pdf buy sociology essays and get without one hour an essay on population summary silas deane death essays what does discuss mean in essays essay on dead poets society choosing a topic for a personal essay essays against affirmative action sample thesis proposal civil engineering essay importance of sports in the life of a student thesis for les miserables tum informatik master essay breast milk research paper thesis statement for the scarlet ibis school of visual arts essay law school essay editing tip for writing scholarship essay physicians assistant coursework structure in essay writing how to write mla essay papers chronicle of a death foretold research paper compare and contrast essay format for middle school essay about scarlet ibis assessment coursework straight edge essays how to write a literature essay at secondary school narrative essay thesis statement home work uk essay about ghost story intermediate 2 biology past papers alice's adventures in wonderland analysis essay transfiguration by annie dillard the essay essay accepting others as they are elie wiesel night essay prompts quoting essays in papers essay influence of television that was the last straw essay on being the right size and other essays haldane free essay on nature versus nurture thesis topics for urban design essay about myself interview math word problems solver dissertation pastoral counseling compare/contrast essay rubric outside speaker critique essay essay for job application technical research paper presentation topics christian collected essay huxley science thomas tradition powerpoint template for thesis do you put quotes around movie titles in an essay how to describe yourself in an essay thermodynamics thesis topics english essays for secondary students should animals be used in experiments essay excellent college application essays critical reflective essay example favorite food descriptive essay personal strengths and weaknesses mba essay essays on f4u-1 corsair organic chemistry research papers free eradication of social evils essay personalized essays write my history essay essay on economic liberalization in india karl mannheim essays on the sociology of knowledge robert browning a collection of critical essays an essay on man epistle 1 sparknotes how to write a thesis sentence for a research paper professional editors for phd dissertation simple research paper apa what is outline format for a essay essays on abortion being wrong migrating to america essay 118 campus essay historical modern spain personal statement examples graduate school wordpress thesis theme developer electoral college free essays princeton thesis archives henry david thoreau essay civil disobedience summary the qualities required in a good teacher essay jane eyre religion essay thesis topic selection self reliance essays college essays writers block research paper topics ideas psychology shadow math problems solving algebra math problems writing college term papers essay on racism on african americans gcse maths coursework examples bad influence of television essay thesis statement about photography comunication essay essay facts abortion scholarship applications with no essay memoirs of a geisha thesis an essay on religion and science ohio state library dissertations essays on racism against african americans contract law term paper sample psychology dissertation prospectus bibliographic essay within a book thesis wreck scotland send thesis thesis us reality is socially constructed essay regents prep essay xavier bresson thesis examples of speech essay pmr topics dissertation communication entrepreneurship phd thesis my favorite game cricket essay two part title essay iron jawed angels analysis essay most challenging obstacle essay sample of a thesis paper queens writing centre thesis engineer mba essay essay on water pollution thesis on diversity of butterflies minimax dissertation gettysburg address essay american beauty symbolism essay why georgetown essay critique paper for research editorial and mechanical aspects of an essay from education ralph waldo emerson essay types of professors essay essays on great friendship research paper example conclusion spare the rod spoil the parenting essay essay friend's story new jersey essay contests team spirit essay example three essays on economic growth profile essay on nurses writing a research proposal for phd chapter essay fdi china dissertation essay consciousness academic writing sample essay music industry+research paper essay on the starry night the best american essays 2008 thesis statement on antigone and ismene frankenstein and human nature essay writing opportunities online the frontier thesis and american foreign policy mfa thesis fiction william lyon phelps essays importance of space exploration essay thesis evaluation essay essayons capital management thesis on data warehousing and data mining thesis proposal defense presentation mla rubrics research papers for professional to write my essay child labor developing countries essay economics egalitarian essay in perspective philosophical customer essay jloves support the princess bride movie essay pleasing your mate essay dental school essay length william golding writing style essay dark matter essay essay on old age homes convenience or deterioration of values argument essay thesis example two dissertations research paper on ethics in accountancy brand essay contest model essays for gce o level writing better essays 20 minutes thesis proposal presentation example essays on the presidential debate 2012 sampling procedure research paper ece thesis topics grade essay types good non-fiction essay topics essays on nature vs nurture debate psychology doctoral dissertation award ideas essay thesis on impact of training on employee performance free historical essays how to structure an introduction to a dissertation sample essay demonstrating ideas 6 traits cassirer an essay on man summary booth school business application essays simple essay rubric english education thesis titles integrity army values essay english literature a level coursework assessment objectives literacy economic development essay essays buddhism suzuki good french essay starters essays pdf momordica charantia + research papers iws assessment thesis psychology research papers children literary definition of thesis comparative essay between romeo and juliet and west side story thesis+statement forrest gump film analysis essay turabian style essay paper scholarship essay contest essay daniel madigan essay on advantages and disadvantages of computer essay on celebration of christmas cell phone use essay phd dissertation in history breakfast club essay at the end of the movie essay on negotiation skills research papers on social change chemistry in agriculture essay free dissertation sites gre essay samples issue why i want to do research essay essay disability and film teacher aide essay comparison research paper sample strength and weakness essays how to write an essay thesis a paper in 2 hours easy way write english essay bed number 10 essay sample english research papers apa citation dissertation example i need some one to write a report smart grid thesis peter pan essay questions puritan thesis correct my essay for free atomic bombing of hiroshima and nagasaki essay samples of outline for research papers thesis critical analysis real estate finance essay guys just want to have fun essay outline format essay persuasive introduction for term paper sample finding forrester reflection essay thesis theme free alternative am i papers term who essay writing tips for college students english essay writing for bank exams theory of knowledge essay questions 2014 computer games violence essays pearl from the scarlet letter essays airport essay descriptions thesis adhd research paper essay about spring time automatic essay revisor pros cons stem cell research essays movie review essay notebook thesis fool king lear essay writing point proof explanation essay-type test items essay of philosophy of education examples of dissertation acknowledgements thesis themes on chronicle of a death foretold gandhi essay introduction allowing cell phones in school essay economic research topic paper essay for law school essay about problems of teenagers many sentences introduction paragraph essay sample essay on emily dickinson conflict essays the rugmaker similarities between victor and the monster essay past p lang essays thesis vs action research rs coursework help good books to use on the sat essay environment essay sample research review paper example macbeth act 2 scene 1 essay how to write history essays book fdr new deal thesis love stories essay essay helen keller forensic science topics for a research paper boy in the striped pyjamas essay notes dessay florez orange jfk courage essay contest economic term paper topic resistance and revolt essay english lit essay introduction response to an essay ghostwriter contract the myth of canadian diversity essay argumentitive research paper topics narrative essay for esl short essay on mother teresa essay on role of rural sector in banking samples of winning scholarship essays content and form of an essay ucas personal statement format anne frank critical essay spiking neuron research papers essayer de ne pas rire top 3 essays on thomas jefferson and sally hemings art coursework books peer review research papers thesis suggestions sought essay sadie and maud essay grading rubric sat essay about the glass castle process analysis essay how to plan a party teach 5 paragraph essay xen scholarship essay rose emily symbols essay computer science graduate thesis topics example of descriptive photo essay quotation from book in essay henry david thoreau's essay good connecting words essays help with economics homework peninsula lodge chinese american citizens alliance essay contest english language and composition essays analysis essay 8th grade mfa thesis graphic design santa clara university application essay visual art thesis topics red blood cells research paper free essay on placebo effect jacksonian democracy essay questions hints writing persuasive essay sample medical college admission essays how to write a critical literary essay critical essays the stranger causes high school dropouts essay ads to write an essay on as level history essays examples vt thesis format examples for cover letter essays on king corn phd thesis typeface essay type r review how did baz luhrmann modernise romeo and juliet essay sonnet 130 thesis statement essays on the life you save may be your own critical essay on shakespeare by leo tolstoy compare and contrast essay lesson plan sample position essay outline a good strong thesis classification division essays samples comparison and contrast essay powerpoint persuasive essay anabolic steroids world history homework help discipline in sports essay short essay on value of games and sports in life an unforgettable childhood incident essay steffen anders dissertation most significant personal achievement essays why i want to become a pediatrician essay value on life essay good essay questions for night essay underline quotes intrusion detection thesis essay on summer holiday essay on why do we need to learn english free essay frederick douglass psychology essay examples a level outline of a definitional essay describe a friend essay essays on illegal immigration pros and cons psychology literature essay increasing crime against women oedipus character essay help dissertation uk how to compose a bibliography inspiration essays short essay about mobile phones government essays topics broken column frida kahlo essay essay on dadabhai naoroji financial risk management research papers write comparative analysis dissertation anatomy of madness essays in the history of psychiatry frankenstein analytical essay topics working at a daycare essay davis moore thesis wikipedia passing score for cahsee essay horror film genre essay essay collection faith christianity and the church child abuse coursework descriptive essay on kids shell and tube heat exchanger research paper good law school essays sample essay things fall apart dissertation topics in law of contract a page from my diary essay citing information research paper antebellum reform essay questions perfect act essay free geography essays examples of thesis topics in public administration ap central ap gov essays coursework submission mazzini an essay on the duties of man summary margaret atwood critical essays andrew jackson essay free realism in huck finn essays did slavery caused the civil war essay writing test practice short essay about health is wealth essay outlines mla format as psychology coursework essays on greatest accomplishments euripides medea summary essay aim of my life short essay financial needs essay princeton essay topics biographical essay on andrew jackson cather in the rye thesis developing a thesis for a book review rubric for history essay olin application essay interpreting the variorum essay by stanley fish power of dreams essay how to write a scholarly paper syracuse scholarship in action essay examples sample essay contest entry form top 10 essay writing services best american travel essays essay on corn syrup in this essay example of a introduction paragraph in research paper stanford admissions essays sample approval sheet for dissertation undergraduate thesis table of contents blood donation essay writing sample introductions for an essay the cold equation essays courseworks columbia university login free essays on andy warhol thesis topics of architecture students an essay concerning human understanding book 2 chapter 27 summary thesis on small scale industries in india free custom term papers examples of current event essays how to write an essay for english literature things fall apart conflict essay pelleas et melisande dessay dvd review example of personal experience essay snab as coursework mark scheme how to start a controversial issue essay texas common app essays critical thinking tests ubc dissertation margins essay grading rubric high school admissions essay for texas tech african american music essays easy concept essay topics essay on being a millionaire drug rehabilitation essays thesis statement paper on gay marriages common app essay diversity examples a good thesis statement for compare and contrast essay essay on a journey sample essays on internship experience an essay on the development of christian doctrine basic table manners essay susan bordo+never just pictures+essay essay on emerson and thoreau worst college essay mistakes texas scholarship essay thesis intrusion detection professional writer services japan essay competition college admissions essay format how to write a good sociology essay comparison contrast essays esl students essays about stereotypes ofchildren shakespeare criticism essays twelfth night love triangle essay essay editor free software can animals think essay enron essay topics masters thesis on open source software humor essays david sedaris gastroenteritis essay cleanliness essay free essays responsibility free essay on the chrysanthemums compare and contrast essay world history ap examples american sign language essays best way to write essays solution essay topic how to prevent pollution essay mill essays on politics and culture essay on se f essay about my teacher my hero 500 words essay on importance of electricity in hindi essay goal life master thesis on cloud computing pdf essay about the qualities of a good son revuew essay ib biology extended essay examples amazing college essays sidebar border thesis ethics and values in social work essay genesis and greek myths and comparison essays an inspector calls who is the inspector essay purdue thesis guidelines example essay ielts academic task 2 writing heart of darkness darkness thesis essay topics for toefl exam thesis in information technology pdf term paper option 3 dissertation topics on project management thesis theme customer support titles for dissertations in early years thematic essay genocide being essay nothingness ontology phenomenological medical surgical nursing essay questions coleridge othello essay writing a science research paper thesis on bullying research paper famous research old english literature critical essays essay with apa format citation cause and effect structure essay reserach paper dissertation supervisor jobs essay paper with unity length of short essay how to come out of stress and depression latest computer research papers narrative essay outline organizer essay transition words list armenian genocide essay contest 2012 dissertation law ideas protection nature essay diana hacker bibliography topics for dissertation in business law optimist essay contest topic essay proofread free speaker identification using neural networks + thesis essay on battleship potemkin mla research paper format thesis statement thesis samples hr essay spm my idol write argument essay sample using cell phones while driving dangerous essay essay tutorial online athenian thesis melian dialogue compare contrast essay rubric black history month important essay rubric for five paragraph expository essay essay gay history thesis list of equations police department internship essay essay trip to langkawi essay on double consciousness undergraduate psychology thesis examples essay help short writing indiana right to life essay contest water conservation essay in english sample lens essay essay title quotes italics literature essay paper ads cartoon child during food list paper research beauty pageant persuasive essays essay on patch adams gcse resistant materials coursework examples descriotion essays essay cats are better than dogs reflective essay introduction example sat essay practice online funny oedipus research paper essay writing psychology free essays on why i deserve this scholarship how to outline a critical lens essay thesis introduction about online shopping fisher mba essays essay on unity of muslims bleak house critical essays essay environmental issues malaysia essential questions for descriptive essay notes writing narrative essay essay on soviet afghan war how to write a personal narrative essay introduction expository essay powerpoint sample new jersey bar essays sample essay questions ap us history exam example of a thesis statement in an essay my life past present and future essay write topic sentence compare contrast essay remember poem by joy harjo essay puritans values essay ready essays available ponyboy character analysis essay narrative essay dumb thing good subjects for sat essays essayists addison and minority report thesis statement gilgamesh epic hero essay pleasantville setting essay topics to write a biology research paper on are we happy than our forefathers essay sarbanes-oxley act term paper definition thesis example management operations paper term hamlet analysis research paper fear of speaking in public essay pirates in treasure island essay educational thesis sample essay writing on mahatma gandhi in hindi blithedale romance essays concept ideas for essay technical case study format cover letters job thesis on marriage and responsibility canadian interest group essays rubric theme essay juveniles should be tried as adults essay gulliver's travel term paper consumer behaviour essays quoting from books for essays an essay concerning toleration critical response essay ideas essay about societal problems chemical engineering thesis list practice essay questions to kill a mockingbird academic research paper structure decline of american dream essay master thesis on rfid harvard mba 2010 essay questions an essay of why argumentative essay structure dfid research communications working paper thesis editing services rates mla essay format sample mla handbook for writers of research papers 6th edition pdf speech coding thesis cell phones banned in schools essay llm thesis romeo juliet essays love conflict 3 qualities of a good leader essay explanatory essay powerpoint thesis statement for child labor cause effect essay drinking alcohol culture and education essay continuous writing essay sample risk assessments essay pay it forward essay papers example business report write an essay on the protective discrimination in india thesis statement on the impact of the black death grounded theory thesis structure lester writing research papers a complete guide 11th edition calkins personal essay essay on social structure essay on my college library cell signaling research papers essay conclusion sentences examples structure of a dissertation abstract tom jones critical essay tragety thesis essay topics on nickel and dimed ethics of animal experimentation essays writing papers essays scholarships application write my papers statistics papers writing service tips for writing a good argumentative essay thesis defence date how to write world war 2 in an essay moral responsibility essay how to write an autobiography essay about yourself american dream essay scholarship free essay importance recycling an essay on man analysis sparknotes short response essay questions church turing thesis story recent progress free essay soccer violence blood brothers coursework gcse what are your future goals when you graduate essay elizabeth blackwell essays in medical sociology mba by coursework ed209 child development essays descriptive essay about summer vacation sat essay strategy op-ed essays to build a fire essays essay on qualities of leadership sadak suraksha essay in hindi molecular biology phd thesis essays on briar rose by jane yolen thesis multimedia box slider thesis proposal presentation ppt comparison research paper example esl intermediate essay questions effective persuasive essay must include intermediate gcse maths past papers phd creative writing programs essays with mla citations coming out gay college essay supply chain thesis pdf topic for comparison essay essays about subcultures life experience essay format ap lang exam essay tips animation essay illusion life apa referencing how to write an essay it security topics for research paper tips for narrative essays root thesis analogies essays cu boulder essay prompt help oedipus rex essay high living alone essay how to write dissertations and project reports smarter study guides tips on essay thesis binding toronto essay room story whistler researching and writing legal dissertations essay on the character of iago igcse language coursework criteria research paper history music doctoral dissertations + leadership university of pittsburgh application essay topic reaching dreams essay health and wellness in the workplace essay research paper on biodiversity essay law romeo and juliet love essay theme compare contrast essay 1984 movie book novel book reviews becoming a teacher research paper writing politics dissertation joan didion on self respect essay summary how to right essays complete essays of mark twain laboratory report template chemistry dissertation structure speech acts an essay in the philosophy of language 1969 conference papers american association for public opinion research what is culture essay format for research proposal type my essay for me free how to write proper format to write an essay essay writing on science and technology write ap essay thesis deal international terrorism essay dissertation verlagsvertrag essays on chivalry romance and drama essay about philippines economy sarah vowell goth essay theme in literature essay examples essay jane eyre wide sargasso sea title in an essay essay planning templates education system essay politics essay george orwell advice for writing essays in exams australia during the great depression essays essay in moral restitution right risk theory complete dissertation week review of an essay wheat research papers discursive essays on footballers wages mellon foundation/acls dissertation completion fellowship case study introduction othello insecurity essay essays on leadership in sports elie wiesel foundation essay contest data mining web mining research papers topics for a dissertation in hospitality subset of essay expository essays for middle school students dupont science essay 2012 what is the difference between descriptive and expository essay darwin middle road essay tips on making a persuasive essay extended essays ib good way start opinion essay thesis on radio resource management nigeria essay competition expository essay healthy eating i have to write an essay due tomorrow sigmund freud essays a2 business studies coursework help thesis vs topic non argumentative essay topics cover letter thesis dedication sample thesis for invisible man thesis statement examples about the death penalty odyssey themes essay essay on transparency in public procurement in india free tok essays negative effects of divorce essay dissertation research ravlt examples of argument of definition essays discrimination in society essay introduction of air pollution in an essay essay on role of multinational companies in india mental health nursing essays family trends essay elder abuse research paper developing an essay plan essay on using cellphones while driving apa style thesis sample pride and prejudice theme essay what makes an essay expository write my college essay me thesis about fashion design youth gangs an essay review essay tragedy king lear john locke essay on the law of nature essays on my hobby drawing responsible freedom essay ma dissertation titles essays on importance of yoga 4th grade essay writing the best essay ever xon hostetter dissertation latex thesis phd research paper on the lovely bones tv essay problem solving cycle essay contoh essay english spm informal letter phd thesis in mis pdf To achieve these effects, the clinician is supposed to follow precisely the specific steps outlined in Dr. Shapiro's textbook during EMDR Phases 3-6. Fidelity to these steps is necessary to conform to the researched outcomes. http://www.emdria.org/general/index.htm
For clients: Make sure to ask your clinician if (s)he is using EMDR according to the training standards and guidelines of the EMDR International Association. http://www.emdria.org or EMDR-Europe http://www.EMDR-europe.net
Choosing a Clinician: Make sure that the EMDR training your clinician has taken is approved by EMDR International Association or EMDR -Europe. Clinicians may have unknowingly taken substandard training. EMDR should be used only by licensed clinicians specifically trained in EMDR. Take time to interview your prospective clinician. Make sure that he or she has the appropriate training in EMDR and has kept up with the latest developments. The basic course is at least 5 days of training over two weekends, or spans several months, plus supervision, consultation, and continuing education. While training is mandatory, it is not sufficient. Choose a clinician who is experienced with EMDR and has a good success rate. Make sure that the clinician is comfortable in treating your particular problem. In addition, it is important that you feel a sense of trust and rapport with the clinician. Ask each perspective clinician:
(1) Have you received both Part 1 and 2 of the basic training?
(2) Was your training program approved by EMDRIA or EMDR Europe?
(3) Have you kept up to date about the latest protocols and developments?
(4) How many people with my particular problems or disorder have you successfully treated?
(5) What is your success rate?
(6) Are you doing standard EMDR as it is (a) described in Dr. Shapiro's text, (b) supported by EMDRIA, and (c) been tested in research?
(7) Will you discuss with me the way EMDR can deal with my obvious symptoms?
(8) Will you also discuss with me the ways EMDR can be used to help me live a happier, more productive life by treating the other negative memories, beliefs, feelings, and actions that may be running my life?
A Brief Description of EMDR Therapy
8 Phases of Treatment The amount of time the complete treatment will take depends upon the history of the client. Complete treatment of the targets and the three-pronged protocol are needed to alleviate the symptoms and address the complete clinical picture. The goal of EMDR therapy is to process completely the experiences that are causing problems, and to include new ones that are needed for full health. "Processing" does not mean talking about it. "Processing" means setting up a learning state that will allow experiences that are causing problems to be "digested" and stored appropriately in your brain. That means that what is useful to you from an experience will be learned, and stored with appropriate emotions in your brain, and be able to guide you in positive ways in the future. The inappropriate emotions, beliefs, and body sensations will be discarded. Negative emotions, feelings and behaviors are generally caused by unresolved earlier experiences that are pushing you in the wrong directions. The goal of EMDR therapy is to leave you with the emotions, understanding, and perspectives that will lead to healthy and useful behaviors and interactions.
Phase 1: History and Treatment Planning
generally takes 1-2 sessions at the beginning of therapy, and can continue throughout the therapy, especially if new problems are revealed. In the first phase of EMDR treatment, the therapist takes a thorough history of the client and develops a treatment plan. This phase will include a discussion of the specific problem that has brought him into therapy, his behaviors stemming from that problem, and his symptoms. With this information, the therapist will develop a treatment plan that defines the specific targets on which to use EMDR. These targets include the event(s) from the past that created the problem, the present situations that cause distress, and the key skills or behaviors the client needs to learn for his future well-being. One of the unusual features of EMDR is that the person seeking treatment does not have to discuss any of his disturbing memories in detail. So while some individuals are comfortable, and even prefer, giving specifics, other people may present more of a general picture or outline. When the therapist asks, for example, "What event do you remember that made you feel worthless and useless?" the person may say, "It was something my brother did to me." That is all the information the therapist needs to identify and target the event with EMDR.
Phase 2: Preparation
For most clients this will take only 1-4 sessions. For others, with a very traumatized background, or with certain diagnoses, a longer time may be necessary. Basically, your clinician will teach you some specific techniques so you can rapidly deal with any emotional disturbance that may arise. If you can do that, you are generally able to proceed to the next phase. One of the primary goals of the preparation phase is to establish a relationship of trust between the client and the therapist. While the person does not have to go into great detail about his disturbing memories, if the EMDR client does not trust his clinician, he may not accurately report what he feels and what changes he is (or isn't) experiencing during the eye movements. If he just wants to please the clinician and says he feels better when he doesn't, no therapy in the world will resolve his trauma. In any form of therapy it is best to look at the clinician as a facilitator, or guide, who needs to hear of any hurt, need, or disappointments in order to help achieve the common goal. EMDR is a great deal more than just eye movements, and the clinician needs to know when to employ any of the needed procedures to keep the processing going. During the Preparation Phase, the clinician will explain the theory of EMDR, how it is done, and what the person can expect during and after treatment. Finally, the clinician will teach the client a variety of relaxation techniques for calming himself in the face of any emotional disturbance that may arise during or after a session. Learning these tools is an important aid for anyone. The happiest people on the planet have ways of relaxing themselves and decompressing from life? s inevitable, and often unsuspected, stress. One goal of EMDR therapy is to make sure that the client can take care of himself.
Phase 3: Assessment
Used to access each target in a controlled and standardized way so it can be effectively processed. ? Processing? does not mean talking about it. See the Reprocessing sections below. The clinician identifies the aspects of the target to be processed. The first step is for the person to select a specific picture or scene from the target event (which was identified during Phase One) that best represents the memory. Then he chooses a statement that expresses a negative self-belief associated with the event. Even if he intellectually knows that the statement is false, it is important that he focus on it. These negative beliefs are actually verbalizations of the disturbing emotions that still exist. Common negative cognitions include statements such as "I am helpless," " I am worthless," " I am unlovable," " I am dirty," " I am bad," etc. The client then picks a positive self-statement that he would rather believe. This statement should incorporate an internal sense of control such as "I am worthwhile/ lovable/ a good person/ in control" or "I can succeed." Sometimes, when the primary emotion is fear, such as in the aftermath of a natural disaster, the negative cognition can be, "I am in danger" and the positive cognition can be, "I am safe now." "I am in danger" can be considered a negative cognition, because the fear is inappropriate -- it is locked in the nervous system, but the danger is actually past. The positive cognition should reflect what is actually appropriate in the present. At this point, the therapist will ask the person to estimate how true he feels his positive belief is using the 1-to-7 Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale. "1" equals "completely false," and " 7" equals "completely true." It is important to give a score that reflects how the person "feels," not " thinks." We may logically " know" that something is wrong, but we are most driven by how it " feels." Also, during the Assessment Phase, the person identifies the negative emotions (fear, anger) and physical sensations (tightness in the stomach, cold hands) he associates with the target. The client also rates the disturbance using the 0 (no disturbance)-to-10 (the worst feeling you? ve ever had) Subjective Units of Disturbance (SUD) scale.
For a single trauma reprocessing is generally accomplished within 3 sessions. If it takes longer, you should see some improvement within that amount of time.
Phases One through Three lay the groundwork for the comprehensive treatment and reprocessing of the specific targeted events. Although the eye movements (or taps, or tones) are used during the following three phases, they are only one component of a complex therapy. The use of the step-by-step eight-phase approach allows the experienced, trained EMDR clinician to maximize the treatment effects for the client in a logical and standardized fashion. It also allows both the client and the clinician to monitor the progress during every treatment session.
Phase 4: Desensitization
This phase focuses on the client? s disturbing emotions and sensations as they are measured by the SUDs rating. This phase deals with all of the person's responses (including other memories, insights and associations that may arise) as the targeted event changes and its disturbing elements are resolved. This phase gives the opportunity to identify and resolve similar events that may have occurred and are associated with the target. That way, a client can actually surpass her initial goals and heal beyond her expectations. During desensitization, the therapist leads the person in sets of eye movement (or other forms of stimulation) with appropriate shifts and changes of focus until his SUD-scale levels are reduced to zero (or 1 or 2 if this is more appropriate). Starting with the main target, the different associations to the memory are followed. For instance, a person may start with a horrific event and soon have other associations to it. The clinician will guide the client to a complete resolution of the target. Examples of sessions and a three-session transcript of a complete treatment can be found in F. Shapiro & M.S. Forrest (2004) EMDR. New York: BasicBooks. http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/perseus-cgi-bin/display/0-465-04301-1
Phase 5: Installation
The goal is to concentrate on and increase the strength of the positive belief that the person has identified to replace his original negative belief. For example, the client might begin with a mental image of being beaten up by his father and a negative belief of "I am powerless." During the Desensitization Phase he will have reprocessed the terror of that childhood event and fully realized that as an adult he now has strength and choices he didn't have when he was young. During this fifth phase of treatment, his positive cognition, "I am now in control," will be strengthened and installed. How deeply the person believes his positive cognition is then measured using the Validity of Cognition (VOC) scale. The goal is for the person to accept the full truth of his positive self-statement at a level of 7 (completely true). Fortunately, just as EMDR cannot make anyone shed appropriate negative feelings, it cannot make the person believe anything positive that is not appropriate either. So if the person is aware that he actually needs to learn some new skill, such as self-defense training, in order to be truly in control of the situation, the validity of his positive belief will rise only to the corresponding level, such as a 5 or 6 on the VOC scale.
Phase 6: Body scan
After the positive cognition has been strengthened and installed, the therapist will ask the person to bring the original target event to mind and see if he notices any residual tension in his body. If so, these physical sensations are then targeted for reprocessing. Evaluations of thousands of EMDR sessions indicate that there is a physical response to unresolved thoughts. This finding has been supported by independent studies of memory indicating that when a person is negatively affected by trauma, information about the traumatic event is stored in motoric (or body systems) memory, rather than narrative memory, and retains the negative emotions and physical sensations of the original event. When that information is processed, however, it can then move to narrative (or verbalizable) memory and the body sensations and negative feelings associated with it disappear. Therefore, an EMDR session is not considered successful until the client can bring up the original target without feeling any body tension. Positive self-beliefs are important, but they have to be believed on more than just an intellectual level.
Phase 7: Closure
Ends every treatment session The Closure ensures that the person leaves at the end of each session feeling better than at the beginning. If the processing of the traumatic target event is not complete in a single session, the therapist will assist the person in using a variety of self-calming techniques in order to regain a sense of equilibrium. Throughout the EMDR session, the client has been in control (for instance, he is instructed that it is okay to raise his hand in the "stop" gesture at anytime) and it is important that the client continue to feel in control outside the therapist's office. He is also briefed on what to expect between sessions (some processing may continue, some new material may arise), how to use a journal to record these experiences, and which techniques he might use on his own to help him feel more calm.
Phase 8: Reevaluation
Opens every new session At the beginning of subsequent sessions, the therapist checks to make sure that the positive results (low SUDs, high VOC, no body tension) have been maintained, identifies any new areas that need treatment, and continues reprocessing the additional targets. The Reevaluation Phase guides the clinician through the treatment plans that are needed in order to deal with the client? s problems. As with any form of good therapy, the Reevaluation Phase is vital in order to determine the success of the treatment over time. Although clients may feel relief almost immediately with EMDR, it is as important to complete the eight phases of treatment, as it is to complete an entire course of treatment with antibiotics.
PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE
Although EMDR may produce results more rapidly than previous forms of therapy, speed is not the issue and it is important to remember that every client has different needs. For instance, one client may take weeks to establish sufficient feelings of trust (Phase Two), while another may proceed quickly through the first six phases of treatment only to reveal, then, something even more important that needs treatment. Also, treatment is not complete until EMDR therapy has focused on the past memories that are contributing to the problem, the present situations that are disturbing, and what skills the client may need for the future. Excerpts from: F. Shapiro & M.S. Forrest (2004) EMDR: The Breakthrough Therapy for Anxiety, Stress and Trauma. New York: BasicBooks. http://www.perseusbooksgroup.com/perseus-cgi-bin/display/0-465-04301-1
For another description: http://www.therapyadvisor.com
Eye Movements The benefits of eye movements used in EMDR are still under investigation. The Department of Veterans Affairs & Department of Defense Practice Guidelines http://www.oqp.med.va.gov/cpg/PTSD/PTSD_cpg/frameset.htm
have stated that evidence the eye movements are NOT effective is flawed. They also cite 8 controlled studies that show eye movements decrease the negative effects of emotions and imagery. These studies are:
Andrade, J., Kavanagh, D., & Baddeley, A. (1997). Eye-movements and visual imagery: a working memory approach to the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 209-223.
Barrowcliff, Gray, Freeman, MacCulloch (2004) Eye-movements reduce the vividness, emotional valence and electrodermal arousal associated with negative autobiographical memories. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 15, 325-345.
Barrowcliff, A.L., Gray, N.S., MacCulloch, S., Freeman, T. C.A., & MacCulloch, M.J. (2003) Horizontal rhythmical eye-movements consistently diminish the arousal provoked by auditory stimuli British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 289-302
Christman, S. D., Garvey, K. J., Propper, R. E., & Phaneuf, K. A. (2003). Bilateral eye movements enhance the retrieval of episodic memories. Neuropsychology. 17, 221-229.
Kavanagh, D. J., Freese, S., Andrade, J., & May, J. (2001). Effects of visuospatial tasks on desensitization to emotive memories. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 267-280.
Kuiken, D., Bears, M., Miall, D., & Smith, L. (2001-2002). Eye movement desensitization reprocessing facilitates attentional orienting. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 21, (1), 3-20.
Sharpley, C. F. Montgomery, I. M., & Scalzo, L. A. (1996). Comparative efficacy of EMDR and alternative procedures in reducing the vividness of mental images. Scandinavian Journal of Behaviour Therapy, 25, 37-42.
van den Hout, M., Muris, P., Salemink, E., & Kindt, M. (2001). Autobiographical memories become less vivid and emotional after eye movements. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40, 121-130.
Training for Clinicians
EMDR International Association (EMDRIA): http://www.emdria.org
The EMDR International Association is a professional organization of EMDR trained therapists and researchers devoted to promoting the highest possible standard of excellence and integrity in EMDR practice, research and education for the public good. Purposes: (a) to establish and uphold standards of practice, training, certification, and research, (b) to provide information, education, and advocacy, and (c) to assist practitioners in fulfilling their responsibilities to the public. EMDRIA lists approved training programs, including university programs, and a database of its certified members for client referrals. It provides clinician resource materials, and an annual conference to share the latest clinical and research developments.
EMDR Institute http://www.EMDR.com
EMDR Institute is the oldest and largest training organization approved by EMDRIA. It was founded in 1990 by the originator of EMDR, Dr. Francine Shapiro. All senior members of the EMDR Institute faculty have been trained by Dr. Shapiro. Trainings are conducted in strict adherence to the researched protocols. It sponsors approved trainings worldwide. The EMDR Institute also provides access to 30,000 graduates of its programs for client referrals. Its website contains a list of commonly asked questions, latest research, and published clinical applications.
EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs http://www.emdrhap.org EMDR-Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, can be described as the mental health equivalent of Doctors Without Borders: a global network of clinicians who travel anywhere there is a need to stop suffering and prevent the after-effects of trauma and violence. HAP provides low cost training to non-profit agencies. HAP also provides a Traumatology Workshop to educate helping professionals and the general public about trauma and its effects. HAP's Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network coordinates clinicians to treat victims and emergency service workers after crises such as the Oklahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. HAP is supported by tax-deductible contributions from the general public and by volunteer services of clinicians and others.
Clinical aids and manuals are available. http://www.emdrhap.org/store.htm
EMDR Europe http://www.emdr-europe.net/
With 14 member nations, this is the professional organization that is the counterpart of EMDRIA outside of the Americas. The website contains an overview of EMDR, research, and clinician resources.
Referrals for Clients EMDR International Association (EMDRIA): http://www.emdria.org The EMDR International Association is a professional organization of EMDR-trained therapists and researchers devoted to promoting the highest possible standard of excellence and integrity in EMDR practice, research and education for the public good. Purposes: (a) to establish and uphold standards of practice, training, certification, and research, (b) to provide information, education, and advocacy, and (c) to assist practitioners in fulfilling their responsibilities to the public. EMDRIA lists approved training programs, and a database of its certified members for client referrals.
EMDR Institute: http://www.EMDR.com
EMDR Institute is the oldest and largest training organization approved by EMDRIA. It was founded in 1990 by the originator of EMDR, Dr. Francine Shapiro. All senior members of the EMDR Institute faculty have been trained by Dr. Shapiro. Trainings are conducted in strict adherence to the researched protocols. The EMDR Institute also provides access to 30,000 graduates of its programs for client referrals. Its website contains a list of commonly asked questions, latest research, and published clinical applications.
EMDR Humanitarian Assistance Programs: http://www.emdrhap.org EMDR-Humanitarian Assistance Programs (HAP), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization, can be described as the mental health equivalent of Doctors Without Borders: a global network of clinicians who travel anywhere there is a need to stop suffering and prevent the after-effects of trauma and violence. It provides low cost training to non-profit agencies. HAP also provides a Traumatology Workshop to educate helping professionals and the general public about trauma and its effects. HAP's Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network coordinates clinicians to treat victims and emergency service workers after crises such as the Okalahoma City bombing and the 9/11 terrorist attacks. HAP is supported by tax-deductible contributions from the general public and by volunteer services of clinicians and others. In case of a natural of manmade disaster, clients can ask for direct referrals to participating agencies, or find out if a Disaster Mental Health Recovery Network has been requested in your area.